Nature value Battonya
t is the biggest, zonal loess grassland of the country with its 21 hectares size and it is a strictly protected unit of Körös-Maros National Park. It has survived because it is closed round by the Szárazér (a tributary of river Maros) and it is far from any settlement. It is a significant nature reserve but not because of abundance of protected plants, but because of the size of endangered communities, their originality and their continuous patches. The characteristic species of the loess grassland are the Vinca herbacea, the Rinanthus minor, the mountain flax, the Filipendula vulgaris, the hare’s foot trefoil, the meadow-rhubarb, the Teucrium chamaedrys, the jacobaea (Senecio jacobaea) and the Stipa capillata. The small population of Adonos vernalis can also be seen in the protected grassland. Some individuals of the highly protected Ajuga laxmanniis also occur. In early summer the beauty of the meadow full of blossoming plants is marvellous. The diversity of flora offers home for rich insect communities and other invertebrates. There are lots of rarities among the orthopters, bettles and butterflies. It is worth to mention the population of a grasshopper species called Isophya costata Brunner von Wattenwyl. The ancient native grassland is the last sanctuary of the highly protected mole rat in the South Great Plain.
Open from: January 01
Open till: December 31
Type: national park
Attendability: by booking, compulsory guiding
Character: zoological value, botanical value, water habitat
Address: 5830 Battonya, Mezőkovácsházi út 5. View on map
Latitude and longitude: N 46° 18' 2", E 21° 0' 0"
Location: Between Battonya and Mezőkovácsháza halfway, the Száraz-is worth and the Cigányka vein lies in an eye with his estuary.
Phone number: +3666313855